Brick Masonry Wall Guide for Salem County, NJ Homeowners and Businesses

There are three types of masonry brick walls: cavity, solid, or veneer. Each wall style has its own unique characteristics and strengths. There is one thing that unites them all. One element that unites them all is deterioration. Our brick repair experts, would like to share with you three types of brick walls.

Brick Veneer Walls

A veneer wall is typically composed of one layer of bricks of the proper size, which are attached to steel or wood walls via brick ties.  This wall is typically used for aesthetic purposes, as the brick will be visible. A single-layer brick veneer wall has low insulation value. Insulation is attached to the studs, and not integrated into the masonry.

 

Solid Brick Walls

Solid masonry brick walls, on the other hand, contain multiple layers of thickness that are attached during the masonry construction process. They can be held together using metal ties or header bricks. The load-bearing effect is achieved by placing the header bricks perpendicularly to the wall’s plane. Solid walls are undoubtedly the best brick masonry wall type for a structural brick wall.  Providing brick and mortar durability and strength, as well as wall thickness and stability.

 

Masonry Cavity Walls

They need inner support for this structure, which only has outer brick layers. The outer layer is separated from the inner support by a space of between 2 and 4 inches. An inner support could be a steel or wood post, concrete block wall or poured concrete. Cavity walls are a great masonry system to prevent water penetration, as the air between the walls acts as a water barrier.

Grunge red brick wall textured background
Interior brick walls make an interesting interior design element.

Signs That You Need Brick Repairs in Salem County, New Jersey

There are many reasons brick repair in Salem County might be necessary. Spalling is the most common. Spalling is when water gets trapped in bricks and expands during the freeze/thaw cycle. To preserve your building’s integrity, it is important to be aware of any signs of brick damage. Other signs than spalling include:

  • Missing mortar, cracks or stains

  • Delamination

  • Efflorescence is a white stain that results from water extracting salts from brick.

  • Bricks that are broken or missing

No matter what type of brick wall you have,  contact us at the first sign of deterioration. Our contractors are Salem County, New Jersey‘s premier mason contractors for brick repair. Our mission is to provide single-source solutions that work and high-quality workmanship while maintaining safety.

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The Most Common Types of Brick Used in Masonry Construction

Bricks can be used in many ways. Bricks can be used to add strength and stability to buildings. They are typically laid flat and bonded together with mortar, also called a mortar joint. Bricks typically measure eight inches in length and four inches in thickness. These are the most commonly used bricks in masonry.

Bricks of Common Burnt Clay

Common Burnt Clay Bricks is the most widely used and oldest type of construction material. They can be used to build a wide range of structural members such as foundations, columns, masonry walls and columns. After being pressed into molds, they are dried and fired in the kiln. These bricks are not particularly attractive and are more used for general purposes. For use in walls, bricks made from burnt clay require plastering.

Sand Lime Bricks

Sand lime bricks can be made by high-pressing a mixture of lime, sand and water (no additives) and then autoclaving to form a white building material. These bricks have a few benefits over clay bricks, such as the gray appearance and the lack of plastering. They also offer greater strength and load-bearing capacity. Sand lime bricks are recommended by architects for building projects because of their excellent fire resistance, high heat and humidity accumulation, and excellent acoustic insulation.

Engineering Bricks

There are two types of engineering bricks: Class A and Class B. This brick is not sold for its looks, but for its physical properties. Engineer bricks are made at very high temperatures to form a dense and strong brick. They also have low water absorption and high compressive strength. In certain circumstances, Class A bricks can be used as damp proof bricks. They must have a compressive strength of greater than 125N/mm2 with a water absorption below 4.5 percent. Class B bricks must have a compressive strength of more than 75N/mm2 as well as a water absorption below 7 percent. Engineer bricks are extremely load-bearing, waterproof and chemical resistant. These bricks can be used for specific projects and are more expensive than traditional bricks.

Concrete Bricks

Concrete bricks are a common building material used primarily for wall construction. They are also known as concrete block or concrete masonry unit (CMU). Concrete bricks can be made to have different colors and are great for facades or fences. Concrete bricks are made from a mixture of powdered cement and water. This creates a light gray block that has a fine texture and high compressive strength. The concrete mixture used to make blocks is generally more sand-based and contains less gravel and water than general construction concrete mixes.

Fly Ash Clay Bricks

Fly ash clay bricks can be made with fly ash and clay at temperatures of around 1000 degrees Celsius. They are a great competitor to traditional clay bricks. Fly ash bricks offer enormous indirect benefits, such as a reduction in labor costs and a reduced use of mortar.

Some studies have shown that these bricks expand when they come in contact with water and moisture. With an increase in the use of thermal power plants, this type of brick can also be harmful to the environment. Fly ash can cause severe pollution to air and water, and the dumping of flyash takes up large areas of land. To overcome this problem, government agencies suggest using fly ash with clay to make bricks.

Modern brick archway
Brick wall with pillars and archways add long lasting features to a building or home.

Brick Classifications

There are many brick types, but the main ones you should remember are facing bricks and backing.

 

  • Facing bricks are used outside buildings. They must be strong enough to withstand rain, storms and other adverse weather conditions.
  • However, backing bricks are usually placed behind facing bricks. While facing bricks should be pleasant to the eye, it doesn’t matter what backing bricks look like.

Different Brick Patterns

Brick masonry walls use a variety of brick bonds. The below brick patterns are the most common.

Stretcher or Running Bond

Sometimes, this bond is called a running or walking bond. This bond is the most basic bond available today. It is not suitable for a standalone structural wall. A structural wall is built directly behind it and is fixed with wall ties. This bond is often used to build garden walls. However, landscaping can be made more attractive by using other bonds like English bonds or Flemish bonds.

Header bond brick wall pattern:

This bond allows you to build thick brick walls.

English bond:

Brickwork that uses alternating layers of stretchers and headers is called English bond. The traditional method of laying the course is replaced often by a single course of headers and then three to five courses between stretch courses. This is called garden wall bonds.

Flemish Bond:

These bricks can be used as stretchers and headers in any course. To ensure that the headers are evenly distributed, each one is placed in the middle of the stretcher and moved up and down. Flemish bonds are, like other bonds, not recommended for modern masonry buildings. They are better suited for garden walls and other masonry features.

Brick wall with header bond
Brick wall with a header bond.every other coarse.
Brick wall with a running bond.
Standard running bond brick wall

Brick Wall Conclusion

This is just a brief overview of the basic brick masonry units as well as the construction methods they are used in. Give us a call if you have brickwork questions, or want a quote on brick work or restorations.

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